Wednesday, September 28, 2011

Science Applications Set B

Yes. Like poles of a magnet repels. The like pole of the magnet must be facing the like pole of the rod. Only a magnet can repel another magnet.

Heating a magnet causes it to demagnetize. When the rod is heated, it gradually becomes less strong. The repulsion is no longer as great as before do it moves towards the magnet.

When explaining, always try to give :
(1) comparison, if there is
(2) relevant concept
(3) link back to the question

Released – Bulb B lit up
Pushed – Bulb A lit up

Bulb A is brighter. The circuit that bulb A is in has 3 batteries in series thus more electricity is flowing through it. There are only 1 battery in the circuit for Bulb B.

When the salt water is heated by the sun, the water evaporated and becomes water vapour. The water vapour rises and comes into contact with the cooler aluminium foil. It loses heat and condenses into water droplets. The water droplets would then slide down the aluminium foil into the part that collects drinkable water.

Set up B. Water vapour can condense on 2 surfaces instead of 1 in set up A. With more condensation, more water can be collected more quickly.

Liquid à Gas à Liquid

The water in wet substance P evaporated the water vapour rises to touch the cooler dry cloth. It then loses heat and condenses back into water making the cloth damp.

Some of the heat in the surrounding air was lost to the water in wet substance P causing the water to evaporate. With less heat, the temperature in set up A drops.

Draw some tiny water droplets onto the top surface of the mineral water bottle.

i) lungs
ii) diaphragm

The balloon will inflate.

When the plunger is pulled back, air from the surroundings is drawn into the balloon causing it to inflate.

Draw the line below that a leaf A from the same starting point.

i) Exchange of gases could not take place as the stomata were also blocked by the oil.

ii) The plant was not able to get rid of excessive water through the stomata.

6g per m2

Too much fertilizer can cause the weight of the vegetables to become less. Too much fertilizer will affect the growth of vegetables negatively.

P has the shortest bar. Followed by R and Q.


The water in R that evaporated could escape through the opening. However the water that evaporated in Q could not escape. Thus rate of evaporation would be lower in Q so there is more water left.

Fish S. Its outer covering is not able to help the fish camouflage itself from being spotted by predators amongst the water plants. R has spots and T has spots and stripes which can help them blend in with the surroundings.

The box has wheels which help to reduce friction with the table top thus less force is needed to move the box and the iron block.


Mrs Lim

Mrs Lim’s bamboo pole holders are not covered. Thus when it rained, some water may be collected inside the pole which can become good breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

No. She is testing the number of batteries, but she did not change the number of batteries in her set up. Her experimental set up does not support her aim.

Chemical energy à electrical energy à kinetic energy à sound energy

As a 2cm ring was cut, the xylem was also removed. Water cannot be transported to the leaves above B so they cannot make food. Thus they to wither and droop.

The leaves between Part A and B could get water to make food. Since a 2cm ring was cut at B, food from the leaves cannot be transported upwards. So the food is transported downwards and stored in X making it heavier.

When water drips into the cup, it becomes heavier until it moves downwards. When this happens, the rod would move upwards and hit against the wooden block. At the bottom, when the water flows out of the cup, it becomes lighter again so the rod moves up, back to the original position. It starts all over again.

More clicks will be heard.

More clicks will be heard. If the rod was fixed at B, the distance between the fulcrum and the effort is longer so less effort is needed, thus the cup will fill and refill more quickly.

This is part of simple machines which is not tested anymore.
The size of the cage

Ladybird Q. The decrease of both aphid A and B was the greatest when Q was introduced into the cage.

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